Moderate faction Case Study Essay

Galtonians have watched with mixed emotions—from elation to terror—as events have unfolded in revolutionary France over the past several years. Many in Galtonia celebrated the destruction of the old regime in France, while others bemoan the demise of the glory that was the French absolute monarchy. As the revolutionary spirit has swept across the continent, states throughout Europe have been riven by the same kinds of social tensions that broke France apart.

During the past two centuries, after re-converting to Catholicism under the influence of Jesuit Order, the Dukes of Galtonia have consolidated their power and established a hereditary absolute monarchy, while the Galtonian Catholic Church has grown richer and more powerful. Now with the example of France on everyone’s mind, there have been calls for reform in Galtonia, calls that have become increasingly radical to the point that now Galtonia is also headed down the path of revolution.

You are a member of Galtonia’s “third estate,” a diverse group that includes peasants, the urban poor, merchants, bankers, lawyers and other professionals. As a delegate to the Constituent Assembly you are educated and articulate (and probably, though not necessarily, a lawyer), qualities that contributed to your being elected to the Assembly.

Until recently, you were an enthusiastic proponent of the revolution. For many years you have been an admirer of and the philosophes, and the British political theorist John Locke. You also recognized that economic changes were sweeping the world, and Galtonia was behind the times. Trade is expanding, and the great workshops of England manufacture textiles and other goods at low cost in tremendous quantities. Galtonia still makes things by skilled artisans, protected by ancient tradesmen’s guilds. Moreover, the Catholic Church is responsible for the education of the young—there are no “public” schools—and yet the Church is itself backward and opposed to knowledge and science. The King of Galtonia, though among the more likable monarchs, is himself a relic of a by-gone era. The nobility and clergy lack the King’s amiability, but are equally deaf to the voices of dissent that reverberate throughout Galtonia. The Galtonian ancien régime was destined to fall of its own inanity; you saw fit to be among those who gave it a push into its grave.

But can Galtonia survive without a King? That is the question before the Constituent Assembly. The radicals says yes, and the conservatives say no. You are undecided.

Galtonia has followed in France’s footsteps, destroying an unjust social order and bringing a new dawn of liberty to the Galtonian people. But is Galtonia now destined. like France, to descend into terror? Or can Galtonia thrive without a king like the American colonists who have recently thrown of the yoke of monarchy?

The radicals are accusing the King of Galtonia of conspiring with his reactionary, anti-revolutionary relatives abroad, thereby betraying the Revolution. They claim to have solid evidence of the King’s treason, while the conservative faction insists that these charges are trumped up to give the radicals an excuse to declare a Republic with themselves in charge.

You don’t know what to believe, but you must make a decision. The fate of the Revolution lies in your hands!

Individual Paper:

Like paper one, your individual paper should be 500-600 words and divided in two parts. The first part should give your life story and include examples of at least three historical events from the textbook that shaped your life (you can include the page number in parentheses). You are a successful member of the third estate. Perhaps you are a lawyer, a banker, or a businessman. You have worked hard and acquired a modicum of wealth and comfort that you do not want to lose to the King’s exorbitant taxation or to the mobs roaming the streets.

The second part should be an account of how your life story shaped your political beliefs and why you think these beliefs are best for Galtonia. In this section you should incorporate at least two quotes in quotation sandwiches from primary sources that support your position.